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Family Genus Specific epithet Specific authority Infraspecific epithet Infraspecific authority
2C mean1(pg) 2C mean1(mbp) 2C range1 pg Life cycle
Other specifications (cultivar, population, strain, etc.) Original reference Journal Year
Telomere type Telomere type based in genome sequenced hybrid
Number of 5S signals Range of 5S signals Position2 of 5S signals (5S P)
Number of 35S3 signals Range of 35S signals Position2 of 35S signals (35S P) Arrangement
Total number of rDNA signals (5S+35S) (Total) Number of chromosomes with both 5S and 35S signals (SC)
Number of chromosomes with both 5S and 35S in the same arm (SA) Number of chromosomes with co-localized 5S and 35S signals (Coloc.)

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Chromosome number from: -   Ploidy level from: -

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1 1C genome size and n chromosome number for bryophytes.
2 Position refers to that of most chromosomes in the species and can be either interstitial (i), (peri-)centromeric (c) and (sub-)terminal or satellite (t).
3 35S=45S=18S-5.8S-26S rDNA

You can link the full-text version of the article by clicking the symbol Adobepdf provided that the library of your institution has free access to the journal, the journal is Open Access or that the article is made freely available by the journal. Otherwise, only the abstract will be shown.

Publications on plant rDNA loci

Publications on plant telomere composition

  • Adobepdf1. Abd El-Twab & Kondo 2006 Abd El-Twab MH, Kondo K (2006) FISH physical mapping of 5S, 45S and Arabidopsis-type telomere sequence repeats in Chrysanthemum zawadskii showing intra-chromosomal variation and complexity in nature. Chromosome Botany 1: 1-5.
  • Adobepdf2. Abd El-Twab & Kondo 2007 Abd El-Twab, MH, Kondo, K (2007) FISH physical mapping of 5S rDNA and telomere sequence repeats identified a peculiar chromosome mapping and mutation in Leucanthemella linearis and Nipponanthemum nipponicum in Chrysanthemum sensu lato. Chromosome Botany, 2: 11-17.
  • Adobepdf3. Abd El-Twab & Kondo 2009 Abd El-Twab, MH, Kondo, K (2012) Physical mapping of 5S and 45S rDNA in Chrysanthemum and related genera of the Anthemideae by FISH, and species relationships. Journal of Genetics 91: 245-249.
  • Adobepdf4. Adams et al. 2001 Adams SP, Hartman TPV, Lim KY, Chase MW, Bennett MD, Leitch IJ, Leitch AR (2001) Loss and recovery of Arabidopsis–type telomere repeat sequences 5_–(TTTAGGG) n–3_ in the evolution of a major radiation of flowering plants. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 268: 1541-1546.
  • Adobepdf5. Alexandrov et al. 2012 Karlov G (2012) Sex chromosome differentiation in Humulus japonicus Siebold Zuccarini, 1846 (Cannabaceae) revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization of subtelomeric repeat. Comparative Cytogenetics 6: 239.
  • Adobepdf6. Amosova et al. 2015 Amosova AV, Bolsheva NL, Samatadze TE, Twardovska MO, Zoshchuk SA, Andreev IO, Muravenko OV (2015) Molecular cytogenetic analysis of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. (Poaceae), Maritime Antarctic. PloS ONE 10: e0138878.
  • Adobepdf7. Anderson 2010 Anderson JC (2010) Cytogenomic analyses of the genus Sorghum (Doctoral dissertation, Texas AM University).
  • Adobepdf8. Barholomé et al. 2015 Bartholomé J, Mandrou E, Mabiala A, Jenkins J, Nabihoudine I, Klopp C, Gion JM (2015) High_resolution genetic maps of Eucalyptus improve Eucalyptus grandis genome assembly New Phytologist, 206: 1283-1296.
  • Adobepdf9. Begum et al. 2009 Begum R, Alam SS, Menzel G, Schmidt T (2009) Comparative molecular cytogenetics of major repetitive sequence families of three Dendrobium species (Orchidaceae) from Bangladesh. Annals of Botany 104: 863-872..
  • Adobepdf10. Belo et al. 2016 Belo GO, Souza MM, Souza VO, Melo CAF (2015) Reproductive and cytogenetic characterization in Passiflora sublanceolata. Biologia 70: 733-743.
  • Adobepdf11. Bolsheva et al. 2015 Bolsheva NL, Zelenin AV, Nosova IV, Amosova AV, Samatadze TE, Yurkevich OY, Muravenko OV (2015) The diversity of karyotypes and genomes within section Syllinum of the genus Linum(Linaceae) revealed by molecular cytogenetic markers and RAPD analysis PloS ONE 10: e0122015.
  • Adobepdf12. Borgen et al. 2003 Borgen, L, Leitch I, Santos-Guerra A (2003) Genome organization in diploid hybrid species ofArgyranthemum (Asteraceae) in the Canary Islands. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 491-501.
  • Adobepdf13. Cox et al. 1993 Cox AV, Bennett ST, Parokonny AS, Kenton A, Callimassia MA, Bennett MD (1993) Comparison of plant telomere locations using a PCR-generated synthetic probe. Annals of Botany 72: 239-247.
  • Adobepdf14. Da Silva et al. 2005 Da Silva CR, González-Elizondo MS, Vanzela AL (2005) Reduction of chromosome number in Eleocharis subarticulata (Cyperaceae) by multiple translocations. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 149: 457-464.
  • Adobepdf15. Datson & Murray 2006 Datson PM, Murray BG (2006) Ribosomal DNA locus evolution in Nemesia: transposition rather than structural rearrangement as the key mechanism? Chromosome Research 14: 845-857.
  • Adobepdf16. de la Herrán et al. 2005 de La Herrán R, Cuñado N, Navajas-Pérez R, Santos JL, Ruiz Rejón C, Garrido-Ramos MA, Ruiz Rejón M (2005) The controversial telomeres of lily plants. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 109: 144-147.
  • Adobepdf17. Devi et al. 2003 Devi, KU, Devi, VS, Nirmal, K, Sivaramakrishnan, S, Isola, NR (2003) Telomere length dynamics in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] RBr) as observed at different developmental stages. Plant Biology 5: 285-289.
  • Adobepdf18. Diao et al. 2005 Diao Y, Yang GX, Zhou MQ (2005) Karyotype analysis of Nelumbo nucifera and Nelumbo lutea by chromosome banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Gene Genomics 27: 187-194.
  • Adobepdf19. Divashuk et al. 2011 Divashuk MG, Alexandrov OS, Kroupin PY, Karlov GI (2011) Molecular cytogenetic mapping of Humulus lupulus sex chromosomes. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 134: 213-219.
  • Adobepdf20. Divashuk et al. 2014 Divashuk MG, Alexandrov OS, Razumova OV, Kirov IV, Karlov GI (2014) Molecular cytogenetic characterization of the dioecious Cannabis sativa with an XY chromosome sex determination system. PloS ONE 9: e85118.
  • Adobepdf21. Dydak et al. 2009 Dydak M, Kolano B, Nowak T, Siwinska D, Maluszynska J (2009) Cytogenetic studies of three European species of Centaurea L. (Asteraceae). Hereditas 146: 152-161.
  • Adobepdf22. Fajkus et al. 2016 Fajkus P, PeÅ¡ka V, Sitová Z, Fulne_ková J, Dvo_á_ková M, Gogela R, Fajkus J (2016) Allium telomeres unmasked: the unusual telomeric sequence (CTCGGTTATGGG)n is synthesized by telomerase. The Plant Journal 85: 337-347.
  • Adobepdf23. Fuchs et al. 1995 Lan TY, Liu B, Dong FP, Chen RY, Li XL, Chen CB (2007) Multicolor FISH analysis of rDNA and telomere on spinach. Yi Chuan 29: 1405-1408.
  • Adobepdf24. Galasso et al. 2001 Galasso I, Schmidt T, Pignone D (2001) Identification of Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris chromosomes by physical mapping of repetitive DNA sequences. Chromosome Research 9: 199-209.
  • Adobepdf25. Garcia et al. 2009 Garcia S, Garnatje T, Pellicer J, McArthur ED, Siljak-Yakovlev S, Valles J (2009) Ribosomal DNA, heterochromatin, and correlation with genome size in diploid and polyploid North American endemic sagebrushes (Artemisia, Asteraceae. Genome 52: 1012-1024.
  • Adobepdf26. Golczyk et al. 2014 Golczyk H, Massouh A, Greiner S (2014) Translocations of chromosome end-segments and facultative heterochromatin promote meiotic ring formation in evening primroses. The Plant Cell 26: 1280-1293.
  • Adobepdf27. Gortner et al. 1998 Gortner G, Nenno M, Weising K, Zink D, Nagl W, Kahl G (1998) Chromosomal localization and distribution of simple sequence repeats and the Arabidopsis-type telomere sequence in the genome of Cicer arietinum L. Chromosome Research 6: 97-104.
  • Adobepdf28. Guo et al. 2013 Guo S, Zhang J, Sun H, Salse J, Lucas WJ, Zhang H, Min J (2013) The draft genome of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and resequencing of 20 diverse accessions. Nature Genetics 45: 51-58.
  • Adobepdf29. Hajdera et al. 2003 Hajdera I, Siwinska D, Hasterok R, Maluszynska J (2003) Molecular cytogenetic analysis of genome structure inLupinus angustifolius and Lupinus cosentinii. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107: 988-996.
  • Adobepdf30. Hanmoto et al. 2007 Hanmoto H, Kataoka R, Ohmido N, Yonezawa Y (2007) Interstitial telomere-like repeats in the Haplopappus gracilis (Asteraceae) genome revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Cytologia 72: 483-488.
  • Adobepdf31. Hoopen et al. 1999 Hoopen TR, Montijn BM, Veuskens JT, Oud OJ, Nanninga, N (1999) The spatial localization of T-DNA insertions in Petunia interphase nuclei: consequences for chromosome organization and transgene insertion sites. Chromosome Research 7: 611-623.
  • Adobepdf32. Houben et al. 1999 Houben A, Thompson N, Ahne R, Leach CR, Verlin D, Timmis JN (1999) A monophyletic origin of the B chromosomes of Brachycome dichromosomatica (Asteraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 219: 127-135.
  • Adobepdf33. Hsiao 2012 Hsiao CC (2012) Chromosome localization of early flowering in short days (EFS) gene and sequence analysis on Phalaenopsis orchids. PhD thesis.
  • Adobepdf34. Idziak et al. 2015 Idziak D, Robaszkiewicz E, Hasterok R (2015) Spatial distribution of centromeres and telomeres at interphase varies among Brachypodium species. Journal of Experimental Botany, erv369.
  • Adobepdf35. Iovene et al. 2015 Iovene M, Yu Q, Ming R, Jiang J (2015) Evidence for emergence of sex-determining gene (s) in a centromeric region in Vasconcellea parviflora. Genetics 199: 413-421.
  • Adobepdf36. Islam-Faridi et al. 2009 Islam-Faridi MN, Nelson CD, DiFazio SP, Gunter LE, Tuskan GA (2009) Cytogenetic analysis of Populus trichocarpa–ribosomal DNA, telomere repeat sequence, and marker-selected BACs. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 125: 74-80.
  • Adobepdf37. Kikuchi et al. 2006 Kikuchi S, Tanaka H, Shiba T, Mii M, Tsujimoto H (2006) Genome size, karyotype, meiosis and a novel extra chromosome in Torenia fournieri, T. baillonii and their hybrid. Chromosome Research 14: 665-672.
  • Adobepdf38. Kim et al. 2009 Kim ES, Bolsheva NL, Samatadze TE, Nosov NN, Nosova IV, Zelenin AV, Rodionov AV (2009) The unique genome of two-chromosome grasses Zingeria and Colpodium, its origin, and evolution. Russian Journal of Genetics 45: 1329-1337.
  • Adobepdf39. Kondo and Furuta 1999 Kondo K, Furuta, T (1999) Region in situ-hybridized by the Arabidopsis-type telomere sequence repeats in Drosera chromosomes. Chromosome Science 3: 63-67.
  • Adobepdf40. Kono et al. 2011 Kono Y, Hoshi Y, Setoguchi H, Yokota M, Oginuma K (2011) Distribution patterns of rDNAs and telomeres and chromosomal rearrangement between two cytotypes of Lysimachia mauritiana L. (Primulaceae). Caryologia 64: 91-98.
  • Adobepdf41. Kovarik et al. 1996 Kova_ik A, Fajkus J, Koukalova B, Bezd_k M (1996) Species-specific evolution of telomeric and rDNA repeats in the tobacco composite genome. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 92: 1108-1111.
  • Adobepdf42. Lan et al. 2008 Lan T, Liu B, Dong F, Chen R, Li X, Chen C (2008) Multicolor FISH analysis of rDNA and telomere on spinach. Frontiers of Agriculture in China 2: 314-316.
  • Adobepdf43. Lan et al. 2016 Lan H, Chen CL, Miao Y, Yu CX, Guo WW, Xu Q, Deng XX (2016) Fragile sites of ‘Valencia’ sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) chromosomes are related with active 45S rDNA. PloS ONE 11: e0151512.
  • Adobepdf44. Leitch et al. 1999 Leitch AR, Lim KY, Leitch IJ, O'Neill M, Chye M, Low F (1998) Molecular cytogenetic studies in rubber, Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae). Genome 41: 464-467.
  • Adobepdf45. Li et al. 2012 Li J, He S, Zhang L, Hu Y, Yang F, Ma L, Li, L (2012) Telomere and 45S rDNA sequences are structurally linked on the chromosomes in Chrysanthemum segetum L. Protoplasma 249: 207-215.
  • Adobepdf46. Ling et al. 2012 Jian L, Cheng H, Fang L, Song GL, Wang CY, Li SH, Wang KB (2012) The cloning and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of cotton telomere sequence. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 11: 1417-1423.
  • Adobepdf47. Lubaretz et al. 1996 Lubaretz O, Fuchs J, Ahne R, Meister A, Schubert I (1996) Karyotyping of three Pinaceae species via fluorescent in situ hybridization and computer-aided chromosome analysis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 92: 411-416.
  • Adobepdf48. Macas et al. 2007 Macas, J, Neumann, P, Navrátilová, A (2007) Repetitive DNA in the pea (Pisum sativum L.) genome: comprehensive characterization using 454 sequencing and comparison to soybean and Medicago truncatula. BMC Genomics 8: 427.
  • Adobepdf49. Marian 2016 Marian CO (2016) Identification of Maize (Zea mays L.) Genes encoding telomere repeat DNA-binding proteins. PhD dissertation.
  • Adobepdf50. Mary et al. 2006 Mary S, Nair NV, Chaturvedi PK, Selvi A (2006) Analysis of genetic diversity among Saccharum spontaneum L. from four geographical regions of India, using molecular markers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53: 1221-1231.
  • Adobepdf51. Matoba & Uchiyama 2009 Matoba H, Uchiyama H (2009) Physical mapping of 5S rDNA, 18S rDNA and telomere sequences in three species of the genus Artemisia (Asteraceae) with distinct basic chromosome numbers. Cytologia 74: 115-123.
  • Adobepdf52. Matoba et al. 2007 Matoba H, Mizutani T, Nagano K, Hoshi Y, Uchiyama H (2007) Chromosomal study of lettuce and its allied species (Lactuca spp., Asteraceae) by means of karyotype analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Hereditas 144: 235-243.
  • Adobepdf53. Mlinarec et al. 2009 Mlinarec J, Chester M, Siljak-Yakovlev S, PapeÅ¡ D, Leitch AR, Besendorfer V (2009) Molecular structure and chromosome distribution of three repetitive DNA families in Anemone hortensis L. (Ranunculaceae). Chromosome Research 17: 331-346.
  • Adobepdf54. Moscone et al. 2007 Moscone EA, Samuel R, Schwarzacher T, Schweizer D, Pedrosa-Harand A (2007) Complex rearrangements are involved in Cephalanthera (Orchidaceae) chromosome evolution. Chromosome Research 15: 931-943.
  • Adobepdf55. Murray et al. 2002 Murray BG, Friesen N, Heslop-Harrison JP (2002) Molecular cytogenetic analysis of Podocarpus and comparison with other gymnosperm species. Annals of Botany 89: 483-489.
  • Adobepdf56. Navajas-Pérez et al. 2009 Navajas-Pérez R, Schwarzacher T, Ruiz Rejón M, Garrido-Ramos MA (2009) Characterization of RUSI, a telomere-associated satellite DNA, in the genus Rumex (Polygonaceae). Cytogenetic and Genome Research 124: 81-89.
  • Adobepdf57. Németh et al. 2013 Németh AV, Dudits D, Molnár-Láng M, Linc G (2013) Molecular cytogenetic characterisation of Salix viminalis L. using repetitive DNA sequences. Journal of Applied Genetics 54: 265-269.
  • Adobepdf58. Osuji et al. 1998 Osuji JO, Crouch J, Harrison G, Heslop-Harrison JS (1998) Molecular cytogenetics of Musa species, cultivars and hybrids: location of 18S-58 S-25S and 5S rDNA and telomere-like sequences. Annals of Botany 82: 243-248.
  • Adobepdf59. Pedrosa et al. 2002 Pedrosa A, Sandal N, Stougaard J, Schweizer D, Bachmair A (2002) Chromosomal map of the model legume Lotus japonicus. Genetics 161: 1661-1672.
  • Adobepdf60. Peska et al. 2015 PeÅ¡ka V, Fajkus P, Fojtová M, Dvo_á_ková M, Hapala J, Dvo_á_ek V, Fajkus J (2015) Characterisation of an unusual telomere motif (TTTTTTAGGG) n in the plant Cestrum elegans (Solanaceae), a species with a large genome. The Plant Journal 82: 644-654.
  • Adobepdf61. Peska et al. 2008 PeÅ¡ka V, Sýkorová E, Fajkus J (2008) Two faces of Solanaceae telomeres: a comparison between Nicotiana and Cestrum telomeres and telomere-binding proteins. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 122: 380-387.
  • Adobepdf62. Pires et al. 2004 Pires JC, Lim KY, Kovarík A, Matyásek R, Boyd A, Leitch AR, Soltis DE (2004) Molecular cytogenetic analysis of recently evolved Tragopogon (Asteraceae) allopolyploids reveal a karyotype that is additive of the diploid progenitors. American Journal of Botany 91: 1022-1035.
  • Adobepdf63. Puizina et al. 2008 Puizina J, Sviben T, Kraja_i__Sokol I, ZoldoÅ¡_Pe_nik V, Siljak_Yakovlev S, PapeÅ¡ D, Besendorfer V (2008) Cytogenetic and molecular characterization of the Abies alba genome and its relationship with other members of the Pinaceae Plant Biology, 10(2) , 256-267.
  • Adobepdf64. Riha et al. 1998 Riha K, Fajkus J, Siroky J, Vyskot B (1998) Developmental control of telomere lengths and telomerase activity in plants. The Plant Cell 10: 1691-1698.
  • Adobepdf65. Rockinger et al. 2016 Rockinger A, Sousa A, Carvalho FA, Renner SS (2016) Chromosome number reduction in the sister clade of Carica papaya with concomitant genome size doubling. American Journal of Botany 103: 1082-1088.
  • Adobepdf66. Santos et al. 2015 Santos FC, Guyot R, do Valle CB, Chiari L, Techio VH, Heslop-Harrison P, Vanzela ALL (2015) Chromosomal distribution and evolution of abundant retrotransposons in plants: gypsy elements in diploid and polyploid Brachiaria forage grasses. Chromosome Research 23: 571-582.
  • Adobepdf67. Shakirov & Shippen 2012 Shakirov EV, Shippen DE (2012) Selaginella moellendorffii telomeres: conserved and unique features in an ancient land plant lineage. Frontiers in Plant Science 3: 161.
  • Adobepdf68. Shibata & Hizume 2011 Shibata F, Hizume M (2011) Survey of Arabidopsis-and Human-type telomere repeats in plants using fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Cytologia 76: 353-360.
  • Adobepdf69. Sousa & Renner 2015 Sousa A, Renner SS (2015) Interstitial telomere_like repeats in the monocot family Araceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177: 15-26.
  • Adobepdf70. Suzuki 2004 Suzuki K (2004) Characterization of telomere DNA among five species of pteridophytes and bryophytes. Journal of Bryology 26: 175-180.
  • Adobepdf71. Sykorová et al. 2003a Sýkorová E, Lim KY, Kunická Z, Chase MW, Bennett MD, Fajkus J, Leitch AR (2003) Telomere variability in the monocotyledonous plant order Asparagales. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 270: 1893-1904.
  • Adobepdf72. Sykorova et al. 2003b Sykorova E, Lim KY, Chase MW, Knapp S, Leitch IJ, Leitch AR, Fajkus J (2003) The absence of Arabidopsis_type telomeres in Cestrum and closely related genera Vestia and Sessea (Solanaceae): first evidence from eudicots The Plant Journal 34: 283-291.
  • Adobepdf73. Thomas et al. 1996 Thomas HM, Williams K, Harper JA (1996) Labelling telomeres of cereals, grasses and clover by primed in situ DNA labelling. Chromosome Research 4: 182-184.
  • Adobepdf74. Walling et al. 2006 Walling JG, Shoemaker R, Young N, Mudge J, Jackson S (2006) Chromosome-level homeology in paleopolyploid soybean (Glycine max) revealed through integration of genetic and chromosome maps. Genetics 172: 1893-1900.
  • Adobepdf75. Weiss & Scherthan 2002 Weiss H, Scherthan H (2002) Aloe spp.– plants with vertebrate-like telomeric sequences. Chromosome Research 10: 155-164.
  • Adobepdf76. Witkowska et al. 2009 Witkowska M, Ohmido N, Cartagena J, Shibagaki N, Kajiyama SI, Fukui K (2009) Physical mapping of ribosomal DNA genes on Jatropha curcas chromosomes by multicolor FISH. Cytologia 74: 133-139.
  • Adobepdf77. Zhang et al. 2015 Zhang Y, Cheng C, Li J, Yang S, Wang Y, Li Z, Lou Q (2015) Chromosomal structures and repetitive sequences divergence in Cucumis species revealed by comparative cytogenetic mapping. BMC Genomics 16: 730.
  • Adobepdf78. Zhang et al. 2016 Zhang L, Yang X, Tian L, Chen L, Yu W (2016) Identification of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) chromosomes using a fluorescence in situ hybridization system reveals multiple hybridization events during tetraploid peanut formation. New Phytologist 211: 1424-1439.
  • Adobepdf79. Zoldos 2008 Zoldos V (2008) Genome organization and evolution in genus Quercus (Fagaceae): special attention to two European white oaksQuercus petraea (Matt) Liebland Q. robur L. In: Plant Genome: Biodiversity and Evolution. Science Publishers.
  • Adobepdf80. Souza et al. 2016 Souza G, Vanzela AL, Crosa O, Guerra M (2016) Interstitial telomeric sites and Robertsonian translocations in species of Ipheion and Nothoscordum (Amaryllidaceae). Genetica 144: 157-166..
  • Adobepdf81. Sousa et al. 2014 Sousa A, Cusimano N, Renner SS (2014) Combining FISH and model-based predictions to understand chromosome evolution in Typhonium (Araceae). Annals of Botany, 113:669-680..
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